Quotes & Sayings

We, and creation itself, actualize the possibilities of the God who sustains the world, towards becoming in the world in a fuller, more deeper way. - R.E. Slater

There is urgency in coming to see the world as a web of interrelated processes of which we are integral parts, so that all of our choices and actions have [consequential effects upon] the world around us. - Process Metaphysician Alfred North Whitehead

Kurt Gödel's Incompleteness Theorem says (i) all closed systems are unprovable within themselves and, that (ii) all open systems are rightly understood as incomplete. - R.E. Slater

The most true thing about you is what God has said to you in Christ, "You are My Beloved." - Tripp Fuller

The God among us is the God who refuses to be God without us, so great is God's Love. - Tripp Fuller

According to some Christian outlooks we were made for another world. Perhaps, rather, we were made for this world to recreate, reclaim, redeem, and renew unto God's future aspiration by the power of His Spirit. - R.E. Slater

Our eschatological ethos is to love. To stand with those who are oppressed. To stand against those who are oppressing. It is that simple. Love is our only calling and Christian Hope. - R.E. Slater

Secularization theory has been massively falsified. We don't live in an age of secularity. We live in an age of explosive, pervasive religiosity... an age of religious pluralism. - Peter L. Berger

Exploring the edge of life and faith in a post-everything world. - Todd Littleton

I don't need another reason to believe, your love is all around for me to see. – Anon

Thou art our need; and in giving us more of thyself thou givest us all. - Khalil Gibran, Prayer XXIII

Be careful what you pretend to be. You become what you pretend to be. - Kurt Vonnegut

Religious beliefs, far from being primary, are often shaped and adjusted by our social goals. - Jim Forest

We become who we are by what we believe and can justify. - R.E. Slater

People, even more than things, need to be restored, renewed, revived, reclaimed, and redeemed; never throw out anyone. – Anon

Certainly, God's love has made fools of us all. - R.E. Slater

An apocalyptic Christian faith doesn't wait for Jesus to come, but for Jesus to become in our midst. - R.E. Slater

Christian belief in God begins with the cross and resurrection of Jesus, not with rational apologetics. - Eberhard Jüngel, Jürgen Moltmann

Our knowledge of God is through the 'I-Thou' encounter, not in finding God at the end of a syllogism or argument. There is a grave danger in any Christian treatment of God as an object. The God of Jesus Christ and Scripture is irreducibly subject and never made as an object, a force, a power, or a principle that can be manipulated. - Emil Brunner

“Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh” means "I will be that who I have yet to become." - God (Ex 3.14) or, conversely, “I AM who I AM Becoming.”

Our job is to love others without stopping to inquire whether or not they are worthy. - Thomas Merton

The church is God's world-changing social experiment of bringing unlikes and differents to the Eucharist/Communion table to share life with one another as a new kind of family. When this happens, we show to the world what love, justice, peace, reconciliation, and life together is designed by God to be. The church is God's show-and-tell for the world to see how God wants us to live as a blended, global, polypluralistic family united with one will, by one Lord, and baptized by one Spirit. – Anon

The cross that is planted at the heart of the history of the world cannot be uprooted. - Jacques Ellul

The Unity in whose loving presence the universe unfolds is inside each person as a call to welcome the stranger, protect animals and the earth, respect the dignity of each person, think new thoughts, and help bring about ecological civilizations. - John Cobb & Farhan A. Shah

If you board the wrong train it is of no use running along the corridors of the train in the other direction. - Dietrich Bonhoeffer

God's justice is restorative rather than punitive; His discipline is merciful rather than punishing; His power is made perfect in weakness; and His grace is sufficient for all. – Anon

Our little [biblical] systems have their day; they have their day and cease to be. They are but broken lights of Thee, and Thou, O God art more than they. - Alfred Lord Tennyson

We can’t control God; God is uncontrollable. God can’t control us; God’s love is uncontrolling! - Thomas Jay Oord

Life in perspective but always in process... as we are relational beings in process to one another, so life events are in process in relation to each event... as God is to Self, is to world, is to us... like Father, like sons and daughters, like events... life in process yet always in perspective. - R.E. Slater

To promote societal transition to sustainable ways of living and a global society founded on a shared ethical framework which includes respect and care for the community of life, ecological integrity, universal human rights, respect for diversity, economic justice, democracy, and a culture of peace. - The Earth Charter Mission Statement

Christian humanism is the belief that human freedom, individual conscience, and unencumbered rational inquiry are compatible with the practice of Christianity or even intrinsic in its doctrine. It represents a philosophical union of Christian faith and classical humanist principles. - Scott Postma

It is never wise to have a self-appointed religious institution determine a nation's moral code. The opportunities for moral compromise and failure are high; the moral codes and creeds assuredly racist, discriminatory, or subjectively and religiously defined; and the pronouncement of inhumanitarian political objectives quite predictable. - R.E. Slater

God's love must both center and define the Christian faith and all religious or human faiths seeking human and ecological balance in worlds of subtraction, harm, tragedy, and evil. - R.E. Slater

In Whitehead’s process ontology, we can think of the experiential ground of reality as an eternal pulse whereby what is objectively public in one moment becomes subjectively prehended in the next, and whereby the subject that emerges from its feelings then perishes into public expression as an object (or “superject”) aiming for novelty. There is a rhythm of Being between object and subject, not an ontological division. This rhythm powers the creative growth of the universe from one occasion of experience to the next. This is the Whiteheadian mantra: “The many become one and are increased by one.” - Matthew Segall

Without Love there is no Truth. And True Truth is always Loving. There is no dichotomy between these terms but only seamless integration. This is the premier centering focus of a Processual Theology of Love. - R.E. Slater


Note: Generally I do not respond to commentary. I may read the comments but wish to reserve my time to write (or write from the comments I read). Instead, I'd like to see our community help one another and in the helping encourage and exhort each of us towards Christian love in Christ Jesus our Lord and Savior. - re slater

Tuesday, June 22, 2021

N.T. Wright - The Kingdom of God: How God Became King


N.T. Wright on the Kingdom of Heaven and Sovereignty of God
Jul 3, 2020

This is an excerpt from an interview about Wright's new book, "God and the Pandemic."
Watch the whole interview: https://youtu.be/mqV8igW9COg

* * * * * * * * * *

How God Became King :
Why We've All Misunderstood the Gospels | N. T. Wright
Apr 19, 2016

*I attended Dr. Wright's discussion at Calvin
and thought it to be helpful to our topic

Amazon Link

New Testament scholar N.T. Wright reveals how we have been misreading the Gospels for centuries, powerfully restoring the lost central story of the Scripture: that the coronation of God through the acts of Jesus was the climax of human history. Wright fills the gaps that centuries of misdirection have opened up in our collective spiritual story, tracing a narrative from Eden, to Jesus, to today. Wright’s powerful re-reading of the Gospels helps us re-align the focus of our spiritual beliefs, which have for too long been focused on the afterlife. Instead, the forgotten story of the Gospels reveals why we should understand that our real charge is to sustain and cooperating with God's kingdom here and now. Echoing the triumphs of Simply Christian and The Meaning of Jesus, Wright’s How God Became King is required reading for any Christian searching to understand their mission in the world today.

* * * * * * * * * *

The Upside Down Kingdom of God

* * * * * * * * * *

Kingdom Series, Parts 1-3

Sunday, June 20, 2021

Tuesday, June 22, 2021

Tuesday, June 22, 2021

Article References

Related Topics Here at Relevancy22

Eschatology - End Times (22 articles)

Eschatology - Our Responsibility (15 articles)

Kingdom Eschatology (37 articles)

Kingdom Now (12 articles)

Theologian N.T. Wright (19 articles)

Paul - NT Wright Series (23 articles)

Related Topics at Relevancy22

Listed by Topic

Eschatology - End Times (22 articles)

Eschatology - Our Responsibility (15 articles)

Kingdom Eschatology (37 articles)

Kingdom Now (12 articles)

Theologian N.T. Wright (19 articles)

Listed by Index

* * * * * * * * * *


N. T. Wright

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N. T. Wright

Bishop of Durham
Wright speaking at a conference
in December 2007
ChurchChurch of England
In office2003 to 2010
Other post(s)
Personal details
Birth nameNicholas Thomas Wright
Born1 December 1948 (age 72)
Morpeth, United Kingdom
Alma mater

Nicholas Thomas Wright FRSE (born 1 December 1948), known as N. T. Wright or Tom Wright,[3] is an English New Testament scholar, Pauline theologian and Anglican bishop. He was the bishop of Durham from 2003 to 2010. He then became research professor of New Testament and Early Christianity at St Mary's College in the University of St Andrews in Scotland until 2019, when he became a senior research fellow at Wycliffe Hall at the University of Oxford.[4]

Wright writes about theology and Christian life and the relationship between them. He advocates a biblical re-evaluation of theological matters such as justification,[5] women's ordination,[6] and popular Christian views about life after death.[7] He has also criticised the idea of a literal Rapture.[8] The author of over seventy books, Wright is highly regarded in academic and theological circles for his "Christian Origins and the Question of God" series.[9] The third volume, The Resurrection of the Son of God, is considered by many clergy and theologians to be a seminal Christian work on the resurrection of the historical Jesus,[10][11] while the most recently released fourth volume, Paul and the Faithfulness of God, is hailed as Wright's magnum opus.[12]

Early life

Wright was born in Morpeth, Northumberland. In a 2003 interview, he said that he could never remember a time when he was not aware of the presence and love of God and recalled an occasion when he was four or five when "sitting by myself at Morpeth and being completely overcome, coming to tears, by the fact that God loved me so much he died for me. Everything that has happened to me since has produced wave upon wave of the same."[13]

He was educated at Sedbergh School in the Yorkshire Dales, and in the late 1960s Wright sang and played guitar in a folk club on the west side of Vancouver.[14] In 1971, Wright received his BA in literae humaniores, with first class honours, from Exeter College, Oxford. During that time he was president of the undergraduate Oxford Inter-Collegiate Christian Union.

From 1971 to 1975, he studied for the Anglican ministry at Wycliffe Hall, Oxford, receiving his (Oxford) MA at the end of this period. He was later awarded a Doctor of Divinity (DD) degree by the University of Oxford.[15]


In 1975 he became a junior research fellow at Merton College, Oxford, and later also junior chaplain. From 1978 to 1981 he was a fellow and chaplain at Downing CollegeCambridge. In 1981 he received his DPhil from Merton College, his thesis topic being "The Messiah and the People of God: A Study in Pauline Theology with Particular Reference to the Argument of the Epistle to the Romans". After this, he served as assistant professor of New Testament studies at McGill University, Montreal (1981–86), then as chaplain, fellow and tutor at Worcester College and lecturer in New Testament in the University of Oxford (1986–93).

He moved from Oxford to become dean of Lichfield Cathedral (1994–99) and then returned briefly to Oxford as a visiting fellow at Merton College, before taking up his appointment as canon theologian at Westminster Abbey in 2000.

From 1995 to 2000, Wright wrote the weekly Sunday's "Readings" column for the Church Times. He has said that writing the column gave him the "courage" to embark upon his popular ... for Everyone (SPCK) series of commentaries on New Testament books.[16]

In 2003, Wright became the Bishop of Durham. On 4 August 2006 he was appointed to the Court of Ecclesiastical Causes Reserved for a period of five years.[17]

He resigned from the see of Durham on 31 August 2010 and took appointment as Research Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity at St Mary's College, St Andrews, in Scotland, which enabled him to concentrate on his academic and broadcasting work.[18][19]

As of 1 October 2019, Wright was appointed a senior research fellow at Wycliffe Hall, Oxford, where he had originally studied for the Anglican ministry in 1971-1973.[20]


New Testament doctrine

In his popular book Surprised by Hope, Wright outlines the scriptural emphasis on resurrection as the proper hope of all Christians. Wright is critical of the North American church's overemphasis on "going to heaven when you die" and the underemphasis on the resurrection from the dead, though he does not deny the teaching that a person's soul lives on after death. He advocates a reunion of soteriology and ecclesiology, commenting that such a connection is often neglected in Protestantism. In addition, he is critical of various popular theological ideas, such as the dispensationalist doctrine of the rapture.[21]

New perspective on Paul

Wright is one of the leading figures in the so-called New Perspective on Paul interpretation, or rather group of interpretations,[22] of the Pauline letters.[23][24] Wright contends that Paul cannot be ignored by any serious Christian and that, through his central place within the New Testament canon, Paul has come to be abused, misunderstood, imposed upon, and approached with incorrect or inappropriate questions about the Christian faith.[25] According to Wright, "Paul in the twentieth century, then, has been used and abused much as in the first. Can we, as the century draws towards its close, listen a bit more closely to him? Can we somehow repent of the ways we have mishandled him and respect his own way of doing things a bit more?"[26]

This question reflects the key consideration for the New Perspective on Paul and a fundamental aim of Wright's scholarship: to allow the apostle Paul to speak for himself without imposing modern considerations and questions upon him and in so doing, seeking to ascertain what St. Paul was really trying to say to the people he was writing to.[27] From this, Wright contends that by examining the Pauline corpus through this unique perspective, difficult passages within the text become illuminated in new ways, his letters gain coherence both in their particularities as well as with one another, and it provides an overall picture of what Paul was about, without doing violence to the little details within the letters.[28]

The beginning of the "new perspective" is the work of E. P. Sanders and his book Paul and Palestinian Judaism.[29] In this 1977 work, Sanders argued that the prevailing view of first-century Judaism in the New Testament was inaccurate. He described it instead as "covenantal nomism", which emphasised God's election of a people and adherence to the Torah as a way of "staying in" the religion (rather than a way of "getting in").

Wright found that Sanders supported the picture he himself had been forming, but nevertheless for the next decade much of what Wright wrote was in disagreement with Sanders on various points. Wright agrees with other "new perspective" scholars that the assumption that the Jews were guilty of a kind of "works-righteousness" is untrue, and that the story of God and the covenant people Israel comes to a climax with Jesus.[22]

Paul and justification

In speaking on justification, Wright contends, “the discussions of justification in much of the history of the church, certainly since Augustine, got off on the wrong foot – at least in terms of understanding Paul – and they have stayed there ever since.”[30] In this way, the Church, according to Wright, has subsumed discussions surrounding the reconciliation of man to God under the label of justification, which has subsequently given the concept an emphasis quite absent from what he believes is found within the New Testament.[30] This leads Wright to argue that this incorrect perception of justification has done violence to the text for hundreds of years[31] and that the text itself should be the starting point in determining what Paul seeks to say about justification.[32]

Through his attempt of returning to the text to allow Paul to speak for himself as he suggests, Wright offers a definition of what he believes the apostle means by ‘justification,’ which is contrary to popular belief. In crafting said definition, the interpreter identifies three pieces, which he believes to be vital to this consideration: that justification is dependent upon covenant language, that it utilises law-court language, functioning within the covenantal setting as a strong explanatory metaphor of justification, and that it cannot be understood within a Pauline context as separate from eschatology.[33] Through the inclusion of covenant language, justification alludes to the presence of sin and wickedness in the world and the way in which the covenant was instituted to bring about salvation. Within this context, the law-court metaphorical language acknowledges God's role as judge who is to put the world to rights, to deal with evil and to restore justice and order to the cosmos. Finally, Wright's definition of ‘justification’ within Paul's letters acknowledges that the term is not associated, as has commonly been perceived, with one's personal needs necessary to attain salvation, but instead with what marked someone as a member of God's people.

Secular utopianism

In 2008, Wright criticised "secular utopianism", accusing it of advocating "the right to kill unborn children and surplus old people".[34] Times columnist David Aaronovitch challenged Wright specifically to substantiate his claim that any secular group does indeed advocate the killing of elderly people, leading to an ongoing exchange in which Wright held to his main point.[35][36][37][38]

Historical Jesus

Regarding the historical Jesus, Wright follows the "thoroughgoing eschatology" tradition of Albert Schweitzer against the "thoroughgoing scepticism" of William Wrede and the Jesus Seminar,[39][40] whom he regards as Wrede's modern-day counterparts.[39][41][42] Wright also argues for a 'very Jewish' Jesus who was nonetheless opposed to some high-profile aspects of first-century Judaism. Similarly, Wright speaks of Jesus as 'doubly', 'multiply', 'thoroughly', and 'deeply' subversive, while at the same time distancing Jesus from other known seditious and revolutionary movements within first-century Palestine.[43] In some ways his views are similar to those of such scholars as E. P. Sanders and the lesser-known Ben F. Meyer (whom Wright calls "the unsung hero" of New Testament studies).[44] However he disagrees with the view of Sanders that the Pharisees would not have exhibited the violent opposition to Jesus depicted in the Gospels.[45] He has also defended a literal belief in the Second Coming and the resurrection of the dead as central to Christianity.[7]

Wright is critical of more liberal theological circles. The Jesus Seminar's Marcus Borg, with whom Wright shared mutual admiration and respect, co-authored with Wright The Meaning of Jesus: Two Visions to elaborate their contrasting opinions.[46] In 2005, at the Greer-Heard Point-Counterpoint Forum, Wright discussed the historicity of Jesus' resurrection with Jesus Seminar co-founder John Dominic Crossan. Wright and Crossan, who also have mutual admiration, hold very different opinions on this foundational Christian doctrine. For Crossan, the resurrection of Jesus is a theological interpretation of events by the writers of the New Testament. For Wright, however, the resurrection is a historical event—coherent with the worldview of Second Temple Judaism—fundamental to the New Testament.[47]

With the publication of Wright's 2012 book, How God Became King: The Forgotten Story of the Gospels, Wright has been critical of some ideas concerning the historical Jesus in both US evangelical preaching and the work of C. S. Lewis, who Wright admits was a major influence in his own life. In an interview,[48] Wright summarises this critique: "One of the targets of this book is Christians who say: Yes, the Bible is true. It's inerrant and so on. But, then, they pay no attention to what the Bible actually says. For too many Christians it seems sufficient to say Christ was born of a Virgin, died on a cross and was resurrected—but never did anything else in between. I'm saying: That’s not the way to understand the Gospels."

Homosexuality in the Anglican Communion

Wright was the senior member from the Church of England of the Lambeth Commission set up to deal with controversies following the ordination of Gene Robinson as a bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States.[49] In 2009, the Episcopal Church authorised the clergy to celebrate commitment liturgies for people in same-sex relationships. Wright described the action as a "clear break with the rest of the Anglican Communion" in a Times opinion piece.[50]

In December 2005 he announced to the press, on the day that the first civil partnership ceremonies took place in England, that he would be likely to take disciplinary action against any clergy registering as civil partners or any clergy blessing such partnerships.[51]

He has argued that "Justice never means 'treating everybody the same way', but 'treating people appropriately'".[50] In August 2009, he issued a statement saying:

...someone, sooner or later, needs to spell out further (wearisome though it will be) the difference between (a) the "human dignity and civil liberty" of those with homosexual and similar instincts and (b) their "rights", as practising let alone ordained Christians, to give physical expression to those instincts. As the Pope has pointed out, the language of "human rights" has now been downgraded in public discourse to the special pleading of every interest-group.[52]

Reviews of Wright's scholarly work

Wright's work has been praised by many scholars of varying views, including James DunnGordon FeeRichard B. Hays and Rowan Williams, former Archbishop of Canterbury. Wright has received praise from Catholics,[53] such as bishop Robert Barron, who has cited Wright's historical scholarship on multiple occasions.[54][55]

Critics of his work are also found across the broad range of theological camps. Some Reformed theologians such as John Piper have questioned Wright's theology, particularly over whether or not he denies the Protestant doctrine of justification by faith alone. Although Piper considers Wright's presentation confusing, he does not dismiss Wright's view as false. In response, Wright has stated he wishes Piper would "exegete Paul differently" and that his book "isn’t always a critique of what I’m actually saying." Wright also expressed how he has warmed to Piper and considers him a "good, beloved brother in Christ, doing a good job, building people up in the faith, teaching them how to live."[56] In 2009, Wright has since addressed the issue in his book Justification: God’s Plan and Paul's Vision.[57] He has sought to clarify his position further in an interview with InterVarsity Press.[58]

Many conservative evangelicals have also questioned whether Wright denies penal substitution, but Wright has stated that he denies only its caricature but affirms this doctrine, especially within the overall framework of the Christus Victor model of atonement.[59]

Despite criticism of some of his work by Reformed theologians, other Reformed leaders have embraced his contribution in other areas, such as Tim Keller who praised Wright's work on the resurrection.[60]

In an extensive review of Resurrection of the Son of God by Joseph J. Smith, S.J., Smith argues that neither the Gospel narratives of the Resurrection appearances nor Pauline texts cited by Wright support his view that the resurrected body was "robustly physical".[61]


Wright has been awarded several honorary doctoral degrees,[62] including from Durham University in July 2007,[63] the John Leland Center for Theological Studies in April 2008,[64] the University of St Andrews in 2009,[65] Heythrop College (University of London) in 2010 and the Ecumenical Institute of Theology at St. Mary's Seminary & University in May 2012.

In 2014, he was awarded the Burkitt Medal by the British Academy "in recognition of special service to Biblical Studies".[66] It was announced in March 2015 that he was to be made a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (FRSE).

Selected works

  • Wright, NT (1991), The Climax of the Covenant: Christ and the Law in Pauline Theology, Fortress Press.
  • ——— (1997), What Saint Paul Really Said: Was Paul of Tarsus the Real Founder of Christianity?, Grand Rapids, MI: William B Eerdmans, ISBN 0-80284445-6.
  • ——— (1997b) [1994, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (SPCK)], Following Jesus: Biblical Reflections on Discipleship, Wm B Eerdmans.
  • ———; Borg, Marcus J (1999), The Meaning of Jesus: Two visions, New York: HarperCollins, ISBN 0-06-060875-7.
  • ——— (2000), The Challenge of Jesus: Rediscovering Who Jesus Was and Is, Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.
  • ———; Crossan, John Dominic (2006) [2005, Augsburg Fortress], Stewart, Robert B (ed.), The Resurrection of Jesus: John Dominic Crossan and NT Wright in Dialogue (paperback ed.), SPCK.
  • ——— (2005), Paul: In Fresh Perspective, Fortress Press ("Paul: Fresh Perspectives" co-edition SPCK, 2005).
  • ——— (2005), The Last Word: Beyond the Bible Wars to a New Understanding of the Authority of Scripture, San Francisco: Harper.
  • ——— (2006), Simply Christian: Why Christianity Makes Sense, SPCK co-edition HarperCollins, 2006.
  • ——— (2006), Judas and the Gospel of Jesus: Have We Missed the Truth about Christianity?, SPCK; Baker Books, 2006.
  • ——— (2006), Evil and the Justice of God, SPCK; Intervarsity Press, 2006.
  • ——— (2007), "The Reasons for Christ's Crucifixion", in Jersak, Brad; Hardin, Michael (eds.), Stricken by God? Nonviolent Identification and the Victory of Christ.
  • ——— (2008), Surprised by Hope: Rethinking Heaven, the Resurrection, and the Mission of the Church, SPCK, HarperOne.
  • ———; Evans, Craig A (2009) [SPCK, 2008], Miller, Troy A (ed.), Jesus, the Final Days: What Really Happened, Westminster John Knox.
  • ——— (2009), Justification: God's Plan and Paul's Vision, SPCK.
  • ——— (2010), Virtue Reborn, SPCK. Also After You Believe: Why Christian Character Matters, HarperOne North America, 2010.
  • ——— (2011) [The Last Word, 2005], Scripture and the Authority of God: How to Read the Bible Today (rev & exp ed.), HarperOne, ISBN 978-0-06-201195-4.
  • ——— (2011), Simply Jesus: A New Vision of Who He Was, What He Did, and Why He Matters, New York: HarperOne, ISBN 978-0-06-208439-2.
  • ——— (2012), How God Became King: The Forgotten Story of the Gospels, New York: HarperOne, ISBN 978-0-06-173057-3.
  • ——— (2013), The Case for the Psalms: Why They Are Essential, New York: HarperOne, ISBN 978-0-06-223050-8, published in Britain the following year as:
    ——— (2014), Finding God in the Psalms, London: SPCK, ISBN 978-0-281-06989-7
  • ——— (2013), Pauline Perspectives: Essays on Paul, 1978-2013, Ausburg Fortress, ISBN 978-0-8006-9963-5.
  • ——— (2014), Surprised by Scripture: Engaging Contemporary Issues, New York: HarperOne, ISBN 978-0-06-223053-9.
  • ——— (2014), Paul and His Recent Interpreters, Ausburg Fortress, ISBN 978-0-8006-9964-2.
  • ——— (2015), Simply Good News: Why the Gospel Is News and What Makes It Good, New York: HarperOne, ISBN 978-0-06-233434-3.
  • ——— (2016), The Day the Revolution Began: Reconsidering the Meaning of Jesus's Crucifixion, New York: HarperOne, ISBN 978-0062334381.
  • ——— (2018). Paul: A Biography. New York: HarperOne. ISBN 978-0-06-173058-0.
  • ———; Bird, Michael F. (2019). The New Testament in its World: an introduction to the history, literature, and theology of the first Christians. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Academic. ISBN 9780310499305OCLC 1090200946.
  • ———; Bird, Michael F. (2019). The New Testament in its World Workbook: an introduction to the history, literature, and theology of the first Christians. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Academic. ISBN 9780310528708OCLC 1090195011.
  • ——— (2021). Galatians (Commentaries for Christian Formation). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. ISBN 978-0-8028-2560-5.

Christian Origins and the Question of God series

Four volumes published, two more planned:

  • ——— (1992), The New Testament and the People of God: Christian Origins and the Question of God1, Fortress Press, ISBN 978-0-8006-2681-5.
  • ——— (1997), Jesus and the Victory of God: Christian Origins and the Question of God2, Fortress Press, ISBN 978-0-8006-2682-2.
  • ——— (2003), The Resurrection of the Son of God: Christian Origins and the Question of God3, Fortress Press, ISBN 978-0-8006-2679-2.
  • ——— (2013), Paul and the Faithfulness of God: Christian Origins and the Question of God4, Fortress Press, ISBN 978-0-8006-2683-9.

For Everyone series

The For Everyone series, a commentary by Wright on the New Testament, was completed in 2011:

See also


  1. ^ "NT Wright"Divinity staff, St Andrews.
  2. ^ 
    Jump up to:
    a b "Bishops"Diocese of Durham, Anglican
  3. ^ See, for example, Amazon.co.ukASIN 0281064776. and Wright, N. T. (5 February 2008). Amazon.comISBN 978-0061551826.
  4. ^ "Wycliffe Hall announces the appointment of NT Wright as their Senior Research Fellow | Wycliffe Hall"www.wycliffe.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  5. ^ Wright, N. T. (2009). Justification : God's Plan and Paul's Vision. London: SPCK. ISBN 978-0-83083863-9.
  6. ^ "Women's Service in the Church: The Biblical Basis". Retrieved 19 April2017.
  7. ^ 
    Jump up to:
    a b Van Biema, David (7 February 2008). "Christians Wrong About Heaven, Says Bishop"Time. Archived from the original on 9 February 2008. Retrieved 19 May 2010.
  8. ^ Wright, NT, Farewell rapture.Alternate source: Fulcrum websiteArchived 20 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Merritt, Jonathan (6 November 2013). "N.T. Wright extends debate with John Piper by releasing Apostle Paul tome".
  10. ^ "Book Review: The Resurrection of the Son of God - Apologetics 315". Retrieved 19 April 2017.
  11. ^ Kristof, Nicholas (23 December 2016). "Am I a Christian, Pastor Timothy Keller?"The New York Times. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
  12. ^ FortressPress (28 January 2014). "N. T. Wright on Paul and the Faithfulness of God: A Conversation with Richard B. Hays". Retrieved 19 April 2017 – via YouTube.
  13. ^ Amos, Michael 'Mike' (12 February 2003), "Our friend from the North", Northern Echo
  14. ^ Wright, Tom (2013). New Testament Wisdom for Everyone. London: SPCK. p. 8. ISBN 978-0281069378.
  15. ^ "Bishop of Durham", Bishops in Lords, Church of England
  16. ^ Thornton, Ed, ""Wright has 'J.K. Rowling-plus' appeal, says SPCK", Church Times, 22 July 2011/
  17. ^ "No. 58062"The London Gazette. 4 August 2006. p. 10685.
  18. ^ News & events (news), Durham: Anglican
  19. ^ "Faith"Times (article), UK
  20. ^ "Wycliffe Hall announces the appointment of NT Wright as their Senior Research Fellow | WYCLIFFE HALL"www.wycliffe.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  21. ^ "Farewell to the rapture"Bible Review. NT Wright Page. August 2001. Retrieved 20 November 2011. Cf. Wright, NT (2008). Surprised by hope: Rethinking heaven, the resurrection, and the mission of the churchISBN 978-0-06-155182-6When Paul speaks of 'meeting' the Lord 'in the air,' the point is precisely not—as in the popular rapture theology—that the saved believers would then stay up in the air somewhere. The point is that, having gone out to meet their returning Lord, they will escort him royally into his domain, that is, back to the place they have come from. Even when we realise that this is highly charged metaphor, not literal description, the meaning is the same as in the parallel in Philippians 3:20. Being citizens of heaven, as the Philippians would know, doesn't mean that one is expecting go back to the mother city but rather means that one is expecting the emperor to come from the mother city to give the colony its full dignity, to rescue it if need he, to subdue local enemies and put everything to rights
  22. ^ 
    Jump up to:
    a b N.T. Wright (August 2003). "New Perspectives on Paul, 10th Edinburgh Dogmatics Conferene". Archived from the original on 7 October 2016.See also this copy.
  23. ^ Allman, James (January 2013). "Gaining Perspective on the New Perspective on Paul". Bibliotheca Sacra170 (677): 51.
  24. ^ Stendahl, Krister (1963). "Paul and the Introspective Conscience of the West"Harvard Theological Reviewdoi:10.1017/S0017816000024779S2CID 170331485.
  25. ^ Wright 1997, p. 51. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFWright1997 (help)
  26. ^ Wright 1997, p. 23. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFWright1997 (help)
  27. ^ Wright 1997, p. 8. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFWright1997 (help)
  28. ^ Wright 1997, p. 12. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFWright1997 (help)
  29. ^ Sanders, EP (1977). Paul and Palestinian Judaism. Fortress.
  30. ^ 
    Jump up to:
    a b Wright 1997, p. 115. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFWright1997 (help)
  31. ^ Wright 1997, p. 117. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFWright1997 (help)
  32. ^ Wright 1997, p. 113. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFWright1997 (help)
  33. ^ Wright 1997, p. 117–18. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFWright1997 (help)
  34. ^ "In quotes: The ethics of embryos"BBC News. 24 March 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  35. ^ Aaronovitch, David (25 March 2008). "Wicked untruths from the Church"The Times. London. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  36. ^ "Bishops speak out on embryos"The Times. London. 26 March 2008. Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  37. ^ Aaronovitch, David (31 March 2008). "Who wants to kill the elderly?"The Times. London. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  38. ^ Wright, Tom (3 April 2008). "Euthanasia – a murky moral world"The Times. London. Archived from the original on 6 July 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  39. ^ 
    Jump up to:
  40. ^ Johnson, L.T. (2013). Contested Issues in Christian Origins and the New Testament: Collected Essays. Novum Testamentum, Supplements. Brill. p. 53. ISBN 978-90-04-24290-6. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  41. ^ Wright 1996, p. 21.
  42. ^ Wilson, C.A. (2017). Inventing Christic Jesuses, Volume 1: Rules and Warrants for Theology: Method. Cascade Books. p. 204. ISBN 978-1-5326-3144-3.
  43. ^ Myles, Robert (2016). "The Fetish for a Subversive Jesus"Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus14: 52–70. doi:10.1163/17455197-01401005.
  44. ^ Wright, N. T. (1997). The original Jesus: the life and vision of a revolutionaryGrand Rapids, MichiganWm. B. Eerdmans Publishing CompanyISBN 0-8028-4283-6OCLC 38436317.[page needed]
  45. ^ Wright, Nicholas Thomas (1996), Jesus and the Victory of God, pp. 376–383, ISBN 978-0800626822
  46. ^ Wright & Borg 1999.
  47. ^ Stewart, Robert B (2007). Intelligent design: William A. Dembski & Michael Ruse in dialogue. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. ISBN 978-0-8006-6218-9OCLC 148895223.[page needed]
  48. ^ "N.T. Wright interview: Why Left, Right & Lewis get it wrong"Read The Spirit online magazine. 28 March 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  49. ^ "The members of the Lambeth Commission"The Windsor ReportAnglican Communion. October 2004. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  50. ^ 
    Jump up to:
    a b Wright, Nicholas Thomas 'Tom' (15 July 2009). "The Americans know this will end in schism"The Times. London. Retrieved 19 May 2010. Alternate source: Fulcrum website Archived 20 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  51. ^ "Gay vicar flouts partnership rule"BBC News. 21 December 2005. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  52. ^ Rowan's reflections: unpacking the Archbishop's statement, Anglican Communion Institute, July 2009
  53. ^ "Ten questions for NT Wright regarding Romanism, justification & the Church"Called to communion, November 2009.
  54. ^ Crossan, John Dominic (March 2011), "Strange Jesus"Written word, Word on fire, archived from the original on 9 May 2011.
  55. ^ Catholic News Agency.
  56. ^ Wax, Trevin (24 April 2008). "Interview with N.T. Wright on Surprised by Hope". Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  57. ^ Wright 2009. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFWright2009 (help)
  58. ^ Wright, NT. "Interview on Justification: God's Plan and Paul's Vision"(PDF). IVP Academic. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2009. Retrieved 3 August 2009.
  59. ^ Wax, Trevin (18 November 2007), Wright on penal substitution
  60. ^ Keller, Timothy (25 February 2008), "An Interview"First Things
  61. ^ Smith, J (January 2016). "N.T. Wright's Understanding of the Nature of Jesus' Risen Body". Heythrop Journal57 (January 2016): 29. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2265.2011.00730.x.
  62. ^ Wright, Nicholas Thomas. "Curriculum Vitae". Archived from the originalon 31 January 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  63. ^ "Anniversary accolades for major achievement" (Press release). Durham University. 8 June 2007. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  64. ^ White, James 'Jim' (1 May 2008). "Theologian NT Wright packs the house"Religious Herald. Richmond, VA. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  65. ^ "Honorary degrees". University of St Andrews. 25 June 2009. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  66. ^ "BURKITT MEDAL FOR BIBLICAL STUDIES 2014"Prizes and medals. British Academy. Archived from the original on 8 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.

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